Enter your keyword

SOMATIC SYMPTOM AND RELATED DISORDERS

Somatic symptom and related disorders are mental health disorders characterized by an intense focus on physical (somatic) symptoms that causes significant distress and/or interferes with daily functioning. The symptoms can involve one or more different organs and body systems, such as:

• Pain
• Neurologic problems
• Gastrointestinal complaints
• Sexual symptoms

Disorders Related to Somatic Symptom Disorder.

• Illness Anxiety Disorder also known as Hypochondriasis)- People with this type are preoccupied with a concern they have a serious disease. They may believe that minor complaints are signs of very serious medical problems. For example, they may believe that a common headache is a sign of a brain tumor.
• Conversion disorder (also called Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder)- This condition is diagnosed when people have neurological symptoms that can’t be traced back to a medical cause. For example, patients may have symptoms such as:

• Weakness or paralysis
• Abnormal movements (such as tremor, unsteady gait, or seizures)
• Blindness
• Hearing loss
• Loss of sensation or numbness

Stress usually makes symptoms of conversion disorder worse.

• Other Specific Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders- This category describes situations in which somatic symptoms occur for less than six months or may involve a specific condition called pseudocyesis, which is a false belief a woman has that she is pregnant along with other outward signs of pregnancy, including an expanding abdomen; feeling labor pains, nausea, fetal movement; breast changes; and cessation of the menstrual period.